Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Community based policing can best be defined as, "a collaborative effort between the police and the community that identifies problems of crime and disorder and involves all elements of the community in the search for solutions to these problems" Willard Oliver. Community based policing is the idea that the role of the police is not that of catching "bad guys," but more that of serving the public. In order for community based policing to have an effect, the presence of crime isn't needed, in fact it's often more effective without the involvement of crime, "Modern police departments are frequently called upon to help citizens resolve a vast array of personal problems--many of which involve no law-breaking activity" Tim Newburn.
Problem Oriented Policing
Community Oriented Policing Essay - Words
Many law enforcement agencies nationwide have come to envision the Community-oriented policing concept as the future of law enforcement, and are implementing this program with varying degrees of commitment of personnel and equipment. This research was conducted to determine the origin, characteristics, goals, advantages and disadvantages of community-oriented policing. Community Oriented Policing is a policing philosophy that encourages and maintains organizational strategies to concentrate on the causes and reduce the fear of crime and social disorder through problem-solving tactics and community-police partnerships. The progress toward community oriented policing has gained impetus in recent years as police and community leaders search for more effectual ways to promote public safety as well as boost the quality of life in neighborhoods. The origins of community oriented policing come from the history of policing itself and build on many of the lessons taught by that history. The s police-citizen crisis and successive research inquired about the core philosophies underlying policing in America.
Community Oriented Policing
Additionally the community can evaluate problems and come up with solutions and implement the services that are genuinely community based. The C. It is focused around the ideology that the police are not limited to the powers of traditional law enforcement in carrying out their duties, and should particularly draw on other inputs such as community policing to control and prevent problems arising from crimes Oliver, This requires the effort of the police to build trust and consciously make an effort to create an environment in which community willingly and actively co-operate with the police partners. The community policing philosophy itself encouraged individual agencies to strategically adapt the notion of community policing to meet their own circumstances, it is not meant to be applied monolithically to all law enforcement agencies Schieder, Chapman and Schapiro, , p.
There continues to be mistrust within the community not only from the public, but from the police regarding the public as well. Through research, I would like to gather data on why people within the public mistrust the police and why the police mistrust the public. Considering this is a local issue within the community the scope of research will be relative to Texas and not go beyond the United States.